Type 2 diabetes is a condition in which the pancreas’ beta cells still produce insulin, but not enough of it, or the insulin that is produced does not do its job properly. As a result, the cells’ gates are unable to open and allow glucose to enter. Insulin resistance is the term for this. When glucose is unable to enter cells, it accumulates in the bloodstream, causing blood glucose levels to rise. This is referred to as diabetes.
When a person has type 2 diabetes in its early stages, the pancreas works harder to produce more insulin than usual. This occurs because the pancreas is attempting to assist glucose in entering the cells and providing the body with the energy it requires.
If the pancreas continues to work hard, the beta cells begin to ‘die,’ and less insulin is produced. This makes it more difficult to maintain healthy blood glucose levels. This is why type 2 diabetes is sometimes referred to as a progressive disease, implying that it will worsen over time.